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All of the above should be used as strict criteria when choosing a firm. With regards to Keller Finance, everything is clear. The organization differs from criminals in almost every way. Finally, let's add real feedback from traders about Keller Finance:
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INTRODUCTIONAs Web3 becomes more and more popular, the industry is seeing an increase in interest from both retail users and institutions. The trustless nature of blockchain technology allows multiple parties involved in a transaction to execute with 100% guarantees for each side once conditions are met. That creates enormous opportunities for new business cases to be developed. At the time of writing, decentralized finance’s (DeFi) total value locked (TVL) is $41 billion, according to DefiLlama,
Decentralized finance (DeFi) total value locked (TVL) (Source).
Blockchain oracles have been in the Web3 space since 2015, bridging the gap between deterministic siloed blockchains and probabilistic real-world data, allowing multiple use cases on the blockchain that could not have been possible otherwise. By design dApps are supposed to be trustless, always running in the way they were designed. Oracles are a critical piece of the infrastructure ensuring that data can be trusted before it reaches the blockchain. For the smart contracts that rely on external data, execution oracles have to be fast, reliable, decentralized, and resistant to any type of attack.
The purpose of this report is to dive deeper into oracles’ value, identify bottlenecks, explore innovations in the space, and provide recommendations on designing the best oracle setup to ensure optimal protocol performance with the most accurate data feeds in the shortest time.
What Is a Blockchain Oracle?First, let’s do a quick recap on blockchain oracles. Oracles are decentralized applications that gather, validate, and deliver off-chain data to smart contracts on the blockchain. Similarly, they can do the same for delivering on-chain data to off-chain systems. Oracles are middleware connecting smart contracts on blockchains to off-chain data providers, sources and systems. Without oracles, smart contract applications would be limited to executing using only on-chain data.
If an oracle is corrupted, the correctness of the result of the execution of the smart contract will be compromised, potentially causing enormous losses. Blockchain oracles are a crucial part of the ecosystem.
Flash loan attacks, orchestrated oracle manipulation, and lengthy latency during extremely volatile times add up to the complexity of the infrastructure a dApp has to monitor when building its protocols.
Latency and FrequencyLatency and frequency are two key parameters that determine the performance of an oracle, and a formula can be more complex taking multiple parameters into consideration.
Latency is the time taken for an off-chain data feed to be available to use for a smart contract on-chain after triggering a condition that requires off-chain data with a transaction. Latency can also be used in the context of data freshness, i.e., how old the last data feed is prior to being published on-chain. The latency formula depends on multiple factors.
Frequency is how often the price is updated on a blockchain. In other words, how often the price update triggers (Deviation Threshold, Heartbeat Threshold or requester contract) publishing a new price. In a highly volatile market, the frequency of updates might be bigger because the triggering parameter such as the Deviation Threshold moves more often. The more frequent, almost real-time updates, especially during times of high volatility might contribute to network congestion if the blockchain throughput is low.
Oracle RelayersA relayer is a general term for a third party that relays some information from one party to another. In the context of blockchain, a relayer submits a user’s transaction to the blockchain network on their behalf and pays the associated gas fee. Oracles usually operate across multiple blockchains and one option for oracle architecture to achieve cross-chain interoperability is to use a third-party relayer design to transmit data across blockchains.
Relayers in oracle design can be used to bridge reported data to other blockchains (Source).
Some potential drawbacks to using relayer architecture are increased latency (users must wait for data to first be delivered to the primary blockchain, then they must wait for it to be bridged to a secondary blockchain or Layer2 network) and responsiveness, as the the relay model requires a set of highly available and incentivized third-party relayers to bridge oracle data from one chain to another.
Data Sources/PublishersData sources are third parties that have access to the information in real-time, and can be divided into various categories
METHODOLOGYA qualitative data collection approach has been used to further deep dive into the existing oracle landscape. A semi-structured interview for the case study was selected to gather information about oracle use by the ten largest DeFi protocols in the market accounting for hundreds of millions of TVL.
All Chainlink, Binance Oracle, Pyth Network and Band Protocol documentation in service of the above-mentioned protocols has been reviewed and analyzed as a part of the case study.
DATA COLLECTIONA semi-structured interview was selected to gather information about oracle use by various DeFi protocols in the market. Participants were selected based on their TVL and trading volume.
The purpose of this paper is to identify and analyze the bottlenecks in the industry, as well as discover new options and provide recommendations on oracle use.
The limitations of the case study: CTOs and lead engineers of the largest subset of DeFi protocols were selected to interview. Smaller DeFi lending and borrowing protocols and small DEXs were not included. The list of questions for the interview is provided below.
VALIDATION THROUGH CASE STUDIESThe results from the survey using keywords analysis and transcribed data provided insights on how DeFi protocols are using oracles, what the limitations and challenges are, and sheds the light on how DeFi protocols mitigate risks relative to the industry.
ORACLE TYPESThe very first blockchain oracle was centralized and served the industry well by supplying the necessary data to the blockchain. But as the industry matured, different oracle designs emerged to solve myriad issues with the centralized model. Analysis of documentation from a variety of oracle providers indicate that their designs vary depending on multiple parameters (eth source):
1. Number of Data Sources. Oracles that are connected to multiple sources and generate the average price from different sources are called aggregated price oracles. For example, Chainlink, Binance Oracle, Pyth Network, Band Protocol are all aggregated price feed oracles as compared to Uniswap which is a single source oracle.
2. Location of Data Source. Data sources for oracles can be on-chain or off-chain. Some of the largest off-chain data providers are the largest CEXsconnected through APIs to oracles nodes where data is pulled, validated, signed, and published on-chain. The largest on-chain data sources are DEXs such as PancakeSwap for BNB chain and Uniswap for Ethereum. DEXs provide prices based on the invariant curve exchange rate for cryptocurrency pairs.
3. Centralized or Decentralized. Oracles are classified as centralized or decentralized depending on their trust model and consensus mechanism. One of the very first oracles in the space on Ethereum called Provable (formerly Oraclize) is a centralized oracle provider but now most are decentralized. .
4. Push or Pull. Oracles that automatically update cryptocurrency prices on chain are called push oracles and oracles that need an active request to update cryptocurrency prices are called pull oracles. Push oracles publish prices on-chain when triggered by one of two indicators:
Deviation Threshold: If the cryptocurrency price is different from the previous price by more than 0.1% -1% (varies for different pairs) then the push oracle is activated to update the price on-chain.
Heartbeat Threshold: If the cryptocurrency price doesn’t change within 1-10 minutes (depending on the parameters set) then the push oracle is activated to update the price on-chain.
5. Type of Data Source. Oracles can specialize in many types of data including cryptocurrency prices, commodities prices, FX prices, trade, weather, sports outcomes and statistics, identity, DNS lookups, and more.
TWAP ORACLESWhile most of the oracles in the space are off-chain and decentralized, time-weighted average price (TWAP) oracles are different. TWAP oracles give the average price of a token for a determined period of time versus oracles that provide mean or weighted average prices aggregated from multiple data sources at a given moment. TWAP oracles are based on DEX prices and use the exchange rate of token A to token B as the price-determining factor. DEXs are the only source of truth for the price of the tokens that are not listed and traded on larger exchanges and there are no other providers available. For example, Uniswap TWAP V2.
The time-weighted average price (TWAP) calculation methodology supported by the Uniswap V2 automatic market maker (AMM) (Source).
A TWAP oracle has several limitations. It is a lagging indicator, so if a cryptocurrency price is volatile, the TWAP will not accurately reflect the price, which results in a higher risk of under-collateralization. TWAP oracles pull their price data from a single source only, making it more likely that low-cap asset prices off of a particular DEX are not representative of the broader market price. TWAP oracles do not provide data about off-chain trading pairs and they are not a scalable solution that mirrors the design of the underlying protocols that they service.
That said, TWAP oracles do have an unspoken benefit: they are the only source of price feeds for high-risk, low-cap tokens. Protocols that are built around isolated trading low cap tokens benefit from having access to a TWAP oracle but, as mentioned previously, the data in question is subject to natural (or malicious) market manipulation and must be used with caution.
At the time of the writing, Uniswap TWAP oracle team was working on researching on other improvements such as Time Weight Median Price (TWMP), wide-range liquidity, and limit orders to be introduced to Uniswap TWAP v.3.
Uniswap time weighted average price (TWAP) oracle total value secured (TVS) November 2022 (Source).
ORACLES OVERVIEWCurrently, there are four major market participants in the oracle space:
Chainlink total value secured (TVS) (Source).
Chainlink is one of the largest oracle solutions in the market. It was established in 2017 and has been a source of truth for over 1500 dApps across 15 blockchains. At the time of this writing, the Total Value Secured by Chainlink was approximately $9.4 billion.
Chainlink is an off-chain decentralized oracle network that serves over 200 pairs on Ethereum and more than 100 pairs on the BNB chain. Chainlink data expands far outside of crypto pricing offerings and includes weather data, sports data, FX and commodities.
Chainlink has additional features such as data automation, VRF/RNG, Proof of Reserve, NFT price feeds, and Cross-chain interoperability protocol. Also, dApps can access any external data through AnyAPI adaptors.
Pyth Network total value secured (TVS) (Source).
Pyth Network was launched in 2021 and is the first oracle to popularize the pull mechanism for price feed updates. Currently, more than 70 projects are deployed to use Pyth Network which uses its own network to make sure the underlying blockchain does not affect the reliability of the oracle and that it is always running.
Pyth Network is a decentralized off-chain aggregate price oracle that publishes data off-chain 2-3 times per second for everyone to read it. That data is published on-chain only after the request for a price contract has been made. The gas fee is paid by whoever first called the price update and it is available for the rest to use cost-free once on-chain. End-users of Pyth data can elect to pay data fees to gain protection against a potential oracle failure.
Pyth Network uses a weighted average aggregate price coming from multiple sources, some of them exclusive. Pyth Data Providers are fully transparent and available to read.
Binance OracleBinance Oracle was launched in October 2022 after being in design and production for more than nine months. Binance Oracle has implemented a few modifications to create more resilient and faster push oracles. At the time of this writing, Binance Oracle is deployed to the beta testnet and has onboarded its first customers.
A few significant improvements to Binance’s oracle design were added to make the price feeds faster and more secure:
Band Protocol’s total value secured (TVS) (Source).
Band Protocol is a Cosmos-based oracle supporting 20 blockchains through the inter-blockchain protocol (IBC), a scalable oracle that has its own network to process all data. Band Protocol is also a decentralized off-chain aggregator oracle supporting more than 90 crypto symbols and 12 forex trading pairs.
Band Protocol has built its own relayer network and is able to ensure fast cross-chain communication to publish data to the different blockchains using the IBC bridge.
Other Oracle Designs: API3API3 is moving from the third-party oracle model to the first-party data providers directly on-chain. An off-chain first-party oracle connects data from any API to a smart contract through Airnode. DAO-governed, Airnode is Web3 middleware that connects any web API directly to any blockchain application. Airnodes are a piece of cloud service infrastructure that allow data providers to deploy their existing Web2 API onto the blockchain, creating what API3 calls a dAPI (Decentralized API).
Airnode Web3 middleware connects any web API directly to any blockchain application (Source).
The API3 team manages the endpoints and a multi-sig mechanism is used for extra security signing transactions. API3 can also provide individual data sets for users that require full control over the curation of the data feeds they use.
Other Oracles Designs: Umbrella NetworkUmbrella is a Layer2 oracle built on a sidechain. Umbrella solves the scalability problem in oracles by leveraging a Layer2 solution and utilizes Merkle trees for batching transactions to save on gas fees.
Umbrella leverages a Layer2 solution and utilizes Merkle trees for batching transactions (Source).
NEW DEVELOPMENTS AND TRENDSBlockchain oracles have been live since 2015 – the same year that Ethereum smart contracts were introduced – and have since gone through many iterations and improvements. A few new emerging trends in oracle use have been identified both during analyzing case studies and following emerging technologies.
Privacy, ZK Proofs, and OraclesPrivacy enabling zero-knowledge proofs (ZKP) are hot topics that have emerged over the course of 2021-2022, solving inherent blockchain problems like lack of confidentiality and inability to control private data. Blockchain oracles are no exception to this trend. The industry is seeking a solution to reveal and verify the truth without disclosing private information.
For example, Chainlink is working on a ZKP-based oracle solution called DECO, a privacy-preserving oracle protocol developed at Cornell University and later acquired by Chainlink. Oracle nodes can prove facts about data sourced from trusted servers without revealing the data on-chain, while also proving the source of the data since the TLS chain of custody is maintained.
One of DECO’s applications is a verifiable credential oracle that acts as a source of truth for biometric data and allows selective data disclosure paired with digital identity.
Oracle nodes can prove facts about data sourced from trusted servers without revealing the data on-chain.
ZK Cross Chain Messaging Through Oracle RelayersFor the average Web3 user the closest understanding of oracle is the bridge between Web2 real-world data and Web3 dApps. However, oracles can not only act as price or weather data feed providers but also can be used as a source of truth for inter-blockchain messaging itself.
A few prospective solutions are working on a ZK proof for cross-chain messaging where oracles act as a core part of the middleware to prove and verify that the data transmitted is true and can be trusted. An oracle node generates the ZK proof for the state of the smart contract so that data can be transferred across blockchains.
Latency Is Dead, Long Live LatencyThe fastest available data on-chain is necessary and widely used in the DeFi world however, DEX interviews revealed that there is no actual demand for the real-time speed of pushing price feeds – it has to be fast, but it doesn’t have to be ultra-fast. There are two different approaches to data delivery speed with respect to pull oracles:
Modifications to TWAPSome protocols developed their own implementations of TWAP oracles with added features such as using moving averages to smooth abrupt price movements. Others have built custom pools as an oracle on the AMM/DEX. TWAP oracles might see increased demand in the future if markets move towards decentralized exchanges, which may be more likely after recent market volatility in November 2022.
CONCLUSIONOracles are critical middleware infrastructure that enable myriad use cases for the blockchain. Competition amongst legacy oracle providers has pushed them to constantly innovate, add resiliency to the oracle ecosystem, and drive adoption for their services in new and better ways. Binance Oracle’s entrance into the space introduces a new player with enhanced speed and security.
While capital continues to flow to DEXs, the collapse of crypto markets in November 2022 may delay the adoption of further advances in oracle development such as verified credentials and ZK cross chain messaging. Nevertheless, oracle innovation continues to unfold, bringing ever more utility to blockchain over time.
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---- Minecraft Crash Report ---- // I let you down. Sorry :( Time: 12/6/22, 4:16 PM Description: Initializing game java.lang.RuntimeException: Could not execute entrypoint stage 'main' due to errors, provided by 'mantle'! at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.entrypoint.EntrypointUtils.lambda$invoke0$0(EntrypointUtils.java:51) at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.util.ExceptionUtil.gatherExceptions(ExceptionUtil.java:33) at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.entrypoint.EntrypointUtils.invoke0(EntrypointUtils.java:49) at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.entrypoint.EntrypointUtils.invoke(EntrypointUtils.java:35) at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.game.minecraft.Hooks.startClient(Hooks.java:52) at net.minecraft.class_310.
(class_310.java:452) at net.minecraft.client.main.Main.main(Main.java:197) at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.game.minecraft.MinecraftGameProvider.launch(MinecraftGameProvider.java:460) at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.launch.knot.Knot.launch(Knot.java:74) at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.launch.knot.KnotClient.main(KnotClient.java:23) Suppressed: java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: io/github/fabricators_of_create/porting_lib/mixin/common/accessoDamageSourceAccessor at slimeknights.tconstruct.common.config.Config. (Config.java:376) at slimeknights.tconstruct.TConstruct.onInitialize(TConstruct.java:69) at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.entrypoint.EntrypointUtils.invoke0(EntrypointUtils.java:47) ... 7 more Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: io.github.fabricators_of_create.porting_lib.mixin.common.accessor.DamageSourceAccessor at java.base/jdk.internal.loader.BuiltinClassLoader.loadClass(BuiltinClassLoader.java:641) at java.base/java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:520) at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.launch.knot.KnotClassDelegate.loadClass(KnotClassDelegate.java:226) at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.launch.knot.KnotClassLoader.loadClass(KnotClassLoader.java:145) at java.base/java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:520) ... 10 more Caused by: java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: io/github/tropheusj/serialization_hooks/ingredient/IngredientDeserializer at java.base/java.lang.Class.forName0(Native Method) at java.base/java.lang.Class.forName(Class.java:467) at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.util.DefaultLanguageAdapter.create(DefaultLanguageAdapter.java:50) at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.entrypoint.EntrypointStorage$NewEntry.getOrCreate(EntrypointStorage.java:117) at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.entrypoint.EntrypointContainerImpl.getEntrypoint(EntrypointContainerImpl.java:53) at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.entrypoint.EntrypointUtils.invoke0(EntrypointUtils.java:47) ... 7 more Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: io.github.tropheusj.serialization_hooks.ingredient.IngredientDeserializer at java.base/jdk.internal.loader.BuiltinClassLoader.loadClass(BuiltinClassLoader.java:641) at java.base/java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:520) at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.launch.knot.KnotClassDelegate.loadClass(KnotClassDelegate.java:226) at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.launch.knot.KnotClassLoader.loadClass(KnotClassLoader.java:145) at java.base/java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:520) ... 13 more A detailed walkthrough of the error, its code path and all known details is as follows: --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- Head -- Thread: Render thread Stacktrace: at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.entrypoint.EntrypointUtils.lambda$invoke0$0(EntrypointUtils.java:51) at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.util.ExceptionUtil.gatherExceptions(ExceptionUtil.java:33) at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.entrypoint.EntrypointUtils.invoke0(EntrypointUtils.java:49) at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.entrypoint.EntrypointUtils.invoke(EntrypointUtils.java:35) at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.game.minecraft.Hooks.startClient(Hooks.java:52) at net.minecraft.class_310. (class_310.java:452) -- Initialization -- Details: Modules: ADVAPI32.dll:Advanced Windows 32 Base API:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation COMCTL32.dll:User Experience Controls Library:6.10 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation CRYPT32.dll:Crypto API32:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation CRYPTBASE.dll:Base cryptographic API DLL:10.0.19041.546 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation CRYPTSP.dll:Cryptographic Service Provider API:10.0.19041.546 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation DBGHELP.DLL:Windows Image Helper:10.0.19041.867 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation DNSAPI.dll:DNS Client API DLL:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation GDI32.dll:GDI Client DLL:10.0.19041.2130 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation IMM32.DLL:Multi-User Windows IMM32 API Client DLL:10.0.19041.2193 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation IPHLPAPI.DLL:IP Helper API:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation KERNEL32.DLL:Windows NT BASE API Client DLL:10.0.19041.1741 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation KERNELBASE.dll:Windows NT BASE API Client DLL:10.0.19041.1741 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation MpOav.dll:IOfficeAntiVirus Module:4.18.2210.6 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation NLAapi.dll:Network Location Awareness 2:10.0.19041.2193 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation NSI.dll:NSI User-mode interface DLL:10.0.19041.610 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation NTASN1.dll:Microsoft ASN.1 API:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation Ole32.dll:Microsoft OLE for Windows:10.0.19041.1320 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation OleAut32.dll:OLEAUT32.DLL:10.0.19041.985 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation PSAPI.DLL:Process Status Helper:10.0.19041.546 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation Pdh.dll:Windows Performance Data Helper DLL:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation RPCRT4.dll:Remote Procedure Call Runtime:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation SHCORE.dll:SHCORE:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation SHELL32.dll:Windows Shell Common Dll:10.0.19041.964 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation USER32.dll:Multi-User Windows USER API Client DLL:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation USERENV.dll:Userenv:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation VCRUNTIME140.dll:Microsoft® C Runtime Library:14.29.30133.0 built by: vcwrkspc:Microsoft Corporation VERSION.dll:Version Checking and File Installation Libraries:10.0.19041.546 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation WINHTTP.dll:Windows HTTP Services:10.0.19041.2075 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation WINMM.dll:MCI API DLL:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation WS2_32.dll:Windows Socket 2.0 32-Bit DLL:10.0.19041.1081 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation WSOCK32.dll:Windows Socket 32-Bit DLL:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation Wldp.dll:Windows Lockdown Policy:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation amsi.dll:Anti-Malware Scan Interface:10.0.19041.2075 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation apphelp.dll:Application Compatibility Client Library:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation awt.dll:OpenJDK Platform binary:126.96.36.199:Microsoft bcrypt.dll:Windows Cryptographic Primitives Library:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation bcryptPrimitives.dll:Windows Cryptographic Primitives Library:10.0.19041.1415 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation clbcatq.dll:COM+ Configuration Catalog:2001.12.10941.16384 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation combase.dll:Microsoft COM for Windows:10.0.19041.1320 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation dbgcore.DLL:Windows Core Debugging Helpers:10.0.19041.789 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation dhcpcsvc.DLL:DHCP Client Service:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation dhcpcsvc6.DLL:DHCPv6 Client:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation fwpuclnt.dll:FWP/IPsec User-Mode API:10.0.19041.1503 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation gdi32full.dll:GDI Client DLL:10.0.19041.2130 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation glfw.dll java.dll:OpenJDK Platform binary:188.8.131.52:Microsoft javaw.exe:OpenJDK Platform binary:184.108.40.206:Microsoft jimage.dll:OpenJDK Platform binary:220.127.116.11:Microsoft jli.dll:OpenJDK Platform binary:18.104.22.168:Microsoft jna9615989215793338263.dll:JNA native library:6.1.2:Java(TM) Native Access (JNA) jvm.dll:OpenJDK 64-Bit server VM:22.214.171.124:Microsoft kernel.appcore.dll:AppModel API Host:10.0.19041.546 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation lwjgl.dll management.dll:OpenJDK Platform binary:126.96.36.199:Microsoft management_ext.dll:OpenJDK Platform binary:188.8.131.52:Microsoft msvcp140.dll:Microsoft® C Runtime Library:14.29.30133.0 built by: vcwrkspc:Microsoft Corporation msvcp_win.dll:Microsoft® C Runtime Library:10.0.19041.789 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation msvcrt.dll:Windows NT CRT DLL:7.0.19041.546 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation mswsock.dll:Microsoft Windows Sockets 2.0 Service Provider:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation napinsp.dll:E-mail Naming Shim Provider:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation ncrypt.dll:Windows NCrypt Router:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation net.dll:OpenJDK Platform binary:184.108.40.206:Microsoft nio.dll:OpenJDK Platform binary:220.127.116.11:Microsoft ntdll.dll:NT Layer DLL:10.0.19041.1741 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation perfos.dll:Windows System Performance Objects DLL:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation pnrpnsp.dll:PNRP Name Space Provider:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation profapi.dll:User Profile Basic API:10.0.19041.844 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation rasadhlp.dll:Remote Access AutoDial Helper:10.0.19041.546 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation rsaenh.dll:Microsoft Enhanced Cryptographic Provider:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation sechost.dll:Host for SCM/SDDL/LSA Lookup APIs:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation shlwapi.dll:Shell Light-weight Utility Library:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation sunmscapi.dll:OpenJDK Platform binary:18.104.22.168:Microsoft svml.dll:OpenJDK Platform binary:22.214.171.124:Microsoft ucrtbase.dll:Microsoft® C Runtime Library:10.0.19041.789 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation vcruntime140_1.dll:Microsoft® C Runtime Library:14.29.30133.0 built by: vcwrkspc:Microsoft Corporation verify.dll:OpenJDK Platform binary:126.96.36.199:Microsoft win32u.dll:Win32u:10.0.19041.2251 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation windows.storage.dll:Microsoft WinRT Storage API:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation winrnr.dll:LDAP RnR Provider DLL:10.0.19041.546 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation wshbth.dll:Windows Sockets Helper DLL:10.0.19041.546 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation wshunix.dll:AF_UNIX Winsock2 Helper DLL:10.0.19041.1 (WinBuild.160101.0800):Microsoft Corporation zip.dll:OpenJDK Platform binary:188.8.131.52:Microsoft Stacktrace: at net.minecraft.client.main.Main.main(Main.java:197) at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.game.minecraft.MinecraftGameProvider.launch(MinecraftGameProvider.java:460) at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.launch.knot.Knot.launch(Knot.java:74) at net.fabricmc.loader.impl.launch.knot.KnotClient.main(KnotClient.java:23) -- System Details -- Details: Minecraft Version: 1.18.2 Minecraft Version ID: 1.18.2 Operating System: Windows 10 (amd64) version 10.0 Java Version: 17.0.1, Microsoft Java VM Version: OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (mixed mode), Microsoft Memory: 373468160 bytes (356 MiB) / 1019215872 bytes (972 MiB) up to 4294967296 bytes (4096 MiB) CPUs: 16 Processor Vendor: AuthenticAMD Processor Name: AMD Ryzen 7 1700 Eight-Core Processor Identifier: AuthenticAMD Family 23 Model 1 Stepping 1 Microarchitecture: unknown Frequency (GHz): 3.64 Number of physical packages: 1 Number of physical CPUs: 8 Number of logical CPUs: 16 Graphics card #0 name: NVIDIA GeForce GTX 750 Ti Graphics card #0 vendor: NVIDIA (0x10de) Graphics card #0 VRAM (MB): 2048.00 Graphics card #0 deviceId: 0x1380 Graphics card #0 versionInfo: DriverVersion=184.108.40.20637 Memory slot #0 capacity (MB): 8192.00 Memory slot #0 clockSpeed (GHz): 2.13 Memory slot #0 type: DDR4 Memory slot #1 capacity (MB): 8192.00 Memory slot #1 clockSpeed (GHz): 2.13 Memory slot #1 type: DDR4 Virtual memory max (MB): 20664.17 Virtual memory used (MB): 11893.23 Swap memory total (MB): 4352.00 Swap memory used (MB): 178.05 JVM Flags: 4 total; -XX:HeapDumpPath=MojangTricksIntelDriversForPerformance_javaw.exe_minecraft.exe.heapdump -Xss1M -Xmx4096m -Xms256m Fabric Mods: additionaladditions: Additional Additions 4.0.4 additionalbars: Additional Bars 3.0.0 additionalstructures: Additional Structures 3.0.3 adorn: Adorn 3.5.0+1.18.2 advancements-enlarger: Advancements Enlarger 0.2.4 advdebug: Advancements Debug 2.3.0 adventurez: AdventureZ 1.4.10 aqupdcaracal: Caracal mob 1.18.2-1.3.8 aqupdgrizzly: Grizzly Bear mob 1.18-1.3 architects_palette: Architect's Palette Fabric 2.0 architectury: Architectury 4.4.68 attributefix: AttributeFix 14.0.2 autoconfig1u: Auto Config v1 Updated 3.4.0 auudio: Auudio 1.0.3 axolotlitemfix: Axolotl Item Fix 1.1.3 badpackets: Bad Packets 0.1.2 balm-fabric: Balm 3.0.0+0 basicshields: Basic Shields [Fabric] 1.3.1-1.18.2 crowdin-translate: CrowdinTranslate 1.4+1.18.2 bcc: BetterCompatibilityChecker fabric-1.0.5 bclib: BCLib 1.4.7 betterdungeons: YUNG's Better Dungeons 1.18.2-Fabric-2.1.0 betterend: Better End 1.1.1 betterf3: BetterF3 1.2.5 bettermineshafts: YUNG's Better Mineshafts 1.18.2-Fabric-2.1.3 betternether: Better Nether 6.1.2 betterstrongholds: YUNG's Better Strongholds 1.18.2-Fabric-2.1.1 betterthirdperson: Better Third Person 1.7.3 bhmenu: BHMenu-Fabric 1.17.1-1.18.2-1.3 biomeinfo: BiomeInfo 1.18.2-10 biomemakeover: Biome Makeover 1.18.2-1.4.24 blockus: Blockus 2.4.7+1.18.2 terraform-wood-api-v1: Terraform Wood API (v1) 3.0.0 blur: Blur (Fabric) 2.4.1 boatcontainer: BoatContainer 1.0.4 bookshelf: Bookshelf 13.0.13 bosses_of_mass_destruction: Bosses of Mass Destruction (Beta) 1.3.7-1.18.2 maelstrom_library: Maelstrom Library 1.2.4-1.18.2 multipart_entities: MultipartEntities 1.1.5-1.18.2 byg: Oh The Biomes You'll Go 1.4 capybara: Capybara 1.0.4 cardinal-components: Cardinal Components API 4.1.4 cardinal-components-base: Cardinal Components API (base) 4.1.4 cardinal-components-block: Cardinal Components API (blocks) 4.1.4 cardinal-components-chunk: Cardinal Components API (chunks) 4.1.4 cardinal-components-entity: Cardinal Components API (entities) 4.1.4 cardinal-components-item: Cardinal Components API (items) 4.1.4 cardinal-components-level: Cardinal Components API (world saves) 4.1.4 cardinal-components-scoreboard: Cardinal Components API (scoreboard) 4.1.4 cardinal-components-world: Cardinal Components API (worlds) 4.1.4 carrier: Carrier 1.10.0 advanced_runtime_resource_pack: Runtime Resource Pack 0.5.5 cherishedworlds: Cherished Worlds 2.0.1-1.18 chipped: Chipped 1.2 chubby_stuff: Chubby Stuff 1.0.1 clienttweaks: Client Tweaks 7.1.0 cloth-api: Cloth API 3.2.64 cloth-client-events-v0: Cloth Client Events v0 3.2.64 cloth-common-events-v1: Cloth Common Events v1 3.2.64 cloth-datagen-api-v1: Cloth Datagen v1 3.2.64 cloth-scissors-api-v1: Cloth Scissors API v1 3.2.64 cloth-utils-v1: Cloth Utils v1 3.2.64 cloth-config: Cloth Config v6 6.2.62 cloth-basic-math: cloth-basic-math 0.6.1 clumps: Clumps 8.0.0+8 collective-fabric: Collective (Fabric) 4.26 fiber: fiber 0.23.0-2 comforts: Comforts 1.1.2-1.18.2 continuity: Continuity 1.1.0+1.18.2 controlling: Controlling For Fabric 9.0+19 crafttweaker: CraftTweaker 9.1.146 org_javassist_javassist: javassist 3.28.0-GA org_reflections_reflections: reflections 0.10.2 crawl: Crawl 0.10.6 mm: Manningham Mills 2.3 creatures_from_the_warmths: Creatures From The Warmths 2.1.0+1.18.2 creeperoverhaul: Creeper Overhaul 1.3.1 cullleaves: Cull Leaves 2.3.2 darkpaintings: DarkPaintings 10.0.3 dashloader: DashLoader 3.1.1+1.18 com_github_luben_zstd-jni: zstd-jni 1.5.2-2 dev_quantumfusion_dashloader_dashloader-core: dashloader-core 1.4.0 dev_quantumfusion_hyphen: hyphen 0.2.0 dawn: Dawn API 3.3.1 decorative_blocks: Decorative Blocks 2.1.0 deepslatecutting: Deepslate Cutting 1.3.4 com_moandjiezana_toml_toml4j: toml4j 0.7.2 maybe-data: Maybe data 1.3.1-1.18.2 deleteworldstotrash: Delete Worlds To Trash 3.2.0 dragonloot: DragonLoot 1.1.0 drippyloadingscreen: Drippy Loading Screen 1.6.3 duckling: Duckling 1.0.5 dustrial_decor: Dustrial Decor 0.5 dynamicfps: Dynamic FPS 2.1.0 earthtojavamobs: Earth2Java 1.8.0+1.18.2 easymagic: Easy Magic 3.3.0 easyshulkerboxes: Easy Shulker Boxes 3.1.1 eatinganimationid: Eating Animation 1.8 ecologics: Ecologics 1.5.4 edenring: EdenRing 0.5.1 elytratrinket: Elytra Trinket 3.0.0-1.18.1 enchantment_lore: Enchantment Lore 1.2.6-1 enchdesc: EnchantmentDescriptions 10.0.3 endgoblintraders: End Goblin Traders 1.5 (Re-upload) enhanced_attack_indicator: Enhanced Attack Indicator 1.0.3+1.18 enhancedcelestials: Enhanced Celestials 2.0.7 entityculling: EntityCulling-Fabric 1.5.1 equipmentcompare: Equipment Compare 1.2.12 expandeddelight: Expanded Delight 0.1.8.1 extended_armor_bars: Extended Armor Bars 1.2.1 extendedclouds: Extended Clouds 1.1.1 fabric: Fabric API 0.54.0+1.18.2 fabric-api-base: Fabric API Base 0.4.4+d7c144a860 fabric-api-lookup-api-v1: Fabric API Lookup API (v1) 1.6.1+2373a54560 fabric-biome-api-v1: Fabric Biome API (v1) 8.0.4+7b0f312660 fabric-blockrenderlayer-v1: Fabric BlockRenderLayer Registration (v1) 1.1.12+3ac43d9560 fabric-command-api-v1: Fabric Command API (v1) 1.1.9+d7c144a860 fabric-commands-v0: Fabric Commands (v0) 0.2.8+b4f4f6cd60 fabric-containers-v0: Fabric Containers (v0) 0.1.21+d7c144a860 fabric-content-registries-v0: Fabric Content Registries (v0) 3.0.6+d82b939260 fabric-convention-tags-v1: Fabric Convention Tags 1.0.1+474e4f7960 fabric-crash-report-info-v1: Fabric Crash Report Info (v1) 0.2.1+ee261a3e60 fabric-dimensions-v1: Fabric Dimensions API (v1) 2.1.19+ffb2c71e60 fabric-entity-events-v1: Fabric Entity Events (v1) 1.4.8+d7c144a860 fabric-events-interaction-v0: Fabric Events Interaction (v0) 0.4.19+d7c144a860 fabric-events-lifecycle-v0: Fabric Events Lifecycle (v0) 0.2.16+d7c144a860 fabric-game-rule-api-v1: Fabric Game Rule API (v1) 1.0.13+d7c144a860 fabric-item-api-v1: Fabric Item API (v1) 1.5.0+85719ab760 fabric-item-groups-v0: Fabric Item Groups (v0) 0.3.13+91896a4960 fabric-key-binding-api-v1: Fabric Key Binding API (v1) 1.0.12+54e5b2ec60 fabric-keybindings-v0: Fabric Key Bindings (v0) 0.2.10+b4f4f6cd60 fabric-lifecycle-events-v1: Fabric Lifecycle Events (v1) 2.0.4+d8d7804a60 fabric-loot-api-v2: Fabric Loot API (v2) 1.0.0+e747827960 fabric-loot-tables-v1: Fabric Loot Tables (v1) 1.1.0+e747827960 fabric-mining-level-api-v1: Fabric Mining Level API (v1) 2.1.2+81ea5b3c60 fabric-models-v0: Fabric Models (v0) 0.3.6+d7c144a860 fabric-networking-api-v1: Fabric Networking API (v1) 1.0.21+d882b91560 fabric-networking-v0: Fabric Networking (v0) 0.3.8+b4f4f6cd60 fabric-object-builder-api-v1: Fabric Object Builder API (v1) 2.1.2+032c981d60 fabric-particles-v1: Fabric Particles (v1) 0.2.12+526dc1ac60 fabric-registry-sync-v0: Fabric Registry Sync (v0) 0.9.8+0d9ab37260 fabric-renderer-api-v1: Fabric Renderer API (v1) 0.4.13+d882b91560 fabric-renderer-indigo: Fabric Renderer - Indigo 0.5.0+7faf0d8860 fabric-renderer-registries-v1: Fabric Renderer Registries (v1) 3.2.11+b4f4f6cd60 fabric-rendering-data-attachment-v1: Fabric Rendering Data Attachment (v1) 0.3.7+d7c144a860 fabric-rendering-fluids-v1: Fabric Rendering Fluids (v1) 2.0.2+54e5b2ec60 fabric-rendering-v0: Fabric Rendering (v0) 1.1.13+b4f4f6cd60 fabric-rendering-v1: Fabric Rendering (v1) 1.10.7+54e5b2ec60 fabric-resource-conditions-api-v1: Fabric Resource Conditions API (v1) 2.0.3+91b7aa6660 fabric-resource-loader-v0: Fabric Resource Loader (v0) 0.5.1+e747827960 fabric-screen-api-v1: Fabric Screen API (v1) 1.0.10+d882b91560 fabric-screen-handler-api-v1: Fabric Screen Handler API (v1) 1.2.0+1f6558e860 fabric-textures-v0: Fabric Textures (v0) 1.0.12+3ac43d9560 fabric-transfer-api-v1: Fabric Transfer API (v1) 1.6.2+f4563ac860 fabric-transitive-access-wideners-v1: Fabric Transitive Access Wideners (v1) 1.1.0+e747827960 fabric-language-kotlin: Fabric Language Kotlin 1.7.4+kotlin.1.6.21 org_jetbrains_kotlin_kotlin-reflect: kotlin-reflect 1.6.21 org_jetbrains_kotlin_kotlin-stdlib: kotlin-stdlib 1.6.21 org_jetbrains_kotlin_kotlin-stdlib-jdk7: kotlin-stdlib-jdk7 1.6.21 org_jetbrains_kotlin_kotlin-stdlib-jdk8: kotlin-stdlib-jdk8 1.6.21 org_jetbrains_kotlinx_kotlinx-coroutines-core-jvm: kotlinx-coroutines-core-jvm 1.6.1 org_jetbrains_kotlinx_kotlinx-coroutines-jdk8: kotlinx-coroutines-jdk8 1.6.1 org_jetbrains_kotlinx_kotlinx-serialization-cbor-jvm: kotlinx-serialization-cbor-jvm 1.3.2 org_jetbrains_kotlinx_kotlinx-serialization-core-jvm: kotlinx-serialization-core-jvm 1.3.2 org_jetbrains_kotlinx_kotlinx-serialization-json-jvm: kotlinx-serialization-json-jvm 1.3.2 fabricloader: Fabric Loader 0.14.6 fabricshieldlib: Fabric Shield Lib 1.5.3-1.18 fallingleaves: Falling Leaves 1.11.1+1.18.2 fallingtree: FallingTree 3.5.1 fancymenu: FancyMenu 2.7.2 farmersdelight: Farmer's Delight 1.18.2-0.2.1 farmersknives: Farmer's Knives 1.3 faux-custom-entity-data: Faux-Custom-Entity-Data 2.0.1 feature_nbt_deadlock_be_gone: Feature NBT Deadlock Be Gone - Fabric 2.0.0+1.18.2-rc1 ferritecore: FerriteCore 4.2.1 forgeconfigapiport: Forge Config API Port 3.2.0 forgottenrecipes: ForgottenRecipes 1.18.1-1.0.0 friendsandfoes: Friends&Foes 1.4.3 ftbchunks: FTB Chunks 1802.3.6-build.145 ftblibrary: FTB Library 1802.3.6-build.119 ftbquests: FTB Quests 1802.3.8-build.101 ftbteams: FTB Teams 1802.2.6-build.51 gateofbabylon: Gate Of Babylon 1.7.0-1.18.2 geckolib3: Geckolib 3.0.42 com_eliotlash_mclib_mclib: mclib 18 com_eliotlash_molang_molang: molang 18 geodes: More Geodes 1.4.2 go-fish: Go Fish 1.5.0-1.18.2 goblintraders: Goblin Traders 1.5.1 goodall: Goodall 1.0.2 graveyard: The Graveyard 1.8 guardvillagers: Guard Villagers Fabric 1.18.2-1.0.14 highlighter: Highlighter 1.1.2 iceberg: Iceberg 1.0.38 immersive_weathering: Immersive Weathering 2.5.3 impactfulweather: Biome Particle Weather 2.4.7 impaled: Impaled 1.1.3 indium: Indium 1.0.3+mc1.18.2 infusion_table: Infusion Table 1.0.5 ingredient-extension-api: Ingredient Extension API 2.0.5 inmis: Inmis 2.6.0-1.18.2 omega-config: OmegaConfig 1.2.3-1.18.1 inventoryhud: Inventory HUD + 3.4.2 iris: Iris 1.2.4-build.38 org_anarres_jcpp: jcpp 1.4.14 itemfilters: Item Filters 1802.2.7-build.21 jamlib: JamLib 0.0.5 java: OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM 17 kleeslabs: KleeSlabs 11.0.0 konkrete: Konkrete 1.3.3 krypton: Krypton 0.1.9 com_velocitypowered_velocity-native: velocity-native 1.1.0-SNAPSHOT lambdynlights: LambDynamicLights 2.1.0+1.17 pride: Pride Lib 1.1.0+1.17 spruceui: SpruceUI 3.3.0+1.17 org_aperlambda_lambdajcommon: lambdajcommon 1.8.1 lazydfu: LazyDFU 0.1.2 lilwings: Lil' Wings 1.2.0 lithium: Lithium 0.7.10 lovely_snails: Lovely Snails 1.0.4+1.18 magnumtorch: Magnum Torch 3.1.2 mantori: Aphid Additions 1.0.0-1.18.2 mavm: More Axolotl Variants Mod 1.0.7a megane: megane 7.5.1 megane-api: megane-api 7.1.0 megane-fabric-transfer: megane-fabric-transfer 7.1.0 megane-reborn-core: megane-reborn-core 7.1.0 megane-reborn-energy: megane-reborn-energy 7.0.0 megane-runtime: megane-runtime 7.2.0 megane-tech-reborn: megane-tech-reborn 7.1.0 megane-vanilla: megane-vanilla 7.1.1 midnightlib: MidnightLib 0.4.0 minecraft: Minecraft 1.18.2 modid: Creatures Of The Snow 2.1.0+1.18.2 modmenu: Mod Menu 3.2.2 more-axolotls: More Axolotls 1.0.2 more_babies: More Babies 0.5.2 moreachievements: MoreAchievements 1.0.8 moretags: More Tags 3.0.4 moretotems: More Totems 2.10.0 morevillagers-fabric: MoreVillagersFabric 3.2.0-SNAPSHOT mostructures: Mo' Structures 1.4.2+1.18.2 mousetweaks: Mouse Tweaks 2.22 naturalist: Naturalist 1.0.0 naturescompass: Nature's Compass 1.18.2-2.0.3-fabric nears: Nears 1.1.8 notenoughanimations: NotEnoughAnimations 1.6.0 onsoulfire: On Soul Fire 1.18-3 overweight_farming: Overweight Farming 1.18.2-1.2.0-fabric oxidized: Oxidized 1.6.4 paintings: Paintings++ 220.127.116.11 patchouli: Patchouli 1.18.2-69-FABRIC paxi: Paxi 1.18.2-Fabric-2.0 phosphor: Phosphor 0.8.1 pickupnotifier: Pick Up Notifier 3.2.0 pigsteel: Pigsteel Mod 1.7.1 plushies: Plushie Mod 1.2 polymorph: Polymorph 0.0.21-1.18.2 postmateria: Post Materia 1.0.0-1.18.2 fiblib: FibLib 1.3.1+1.18.2 world-data: World Data 1.0.3-1.18.2 probablychests: Probably Chests 0.4.3 libgui: LibGui 5.3.2+1.18.2 jankson: Jankson 4.0.0+j1.2.0 blue_endless_jankson: jankson 1.2.1 libninepatch: LibNinePatch 1.1.0 puzzle: Puzzle 1.2.1 puzzle-base: Puzzle Base 1.2.1 puzzle-gui: Puzzle GUI 1.2.1 puzzle-models: Puzzle Models 1.2.1 puzzle-splashscreen: Puzzle Splash Screen 1.2.1 puzzleslib: Puzzles Lib 3.3.5 quartzelv: Quartz Elevator 2.1.1+1.18 repurposed_structures: Repurposed Structures 4.1.12+1.18.2 rightclickharvest: Right Click Harvest 2.0.7 roughlyenoughitems: Roughly Enough Items 8.2.470 roughlyenoughprofessions: Roughly Enough Professions 1.0.1 roughlyenoughresources: Roughly Enough Resources 2.5.0 runelic: Runelic 11.0.1 seasons: Fabric Seasons 1.4-BETA+1.18 simple-rpc: Simple RPC 3.0.1 me_hypherionmc_simple-rpc-common: simple-rpc-common 3.0.1 sit: Sit 1.18.2-19 skinlayers: 3d Skin Layers 1.4.6-mc1.18.2 sodium: Sodium 0.4.1+build.15 org_joml_joml: joml 1.10.2 spark: spark 1.9.1 fabric-permissions-api-v0: fabric-permissions-api 0.1-SNAPSHOT spirit: Spirit 1.3.0 sprout: Sprout 1.3.1 starterkit-fabric: Starter Kit (Fabric) 3.1 steves_vanilla: Steves Vanilla 1.1.0+1.18 stoneholm: Stoneholm 1.4.3 styled-nicknames: Styled Nicknames 1.0.4+1.18 player-data-api: Player Data API 0.1.0+1.18 styledchat: Styled Chat 1.2.3+1.18 placeholder-api: Placeholder API 1.1.3+1.17.1 t_and_t: Towns and Towers - Structure Add-on 1.6 tconstruct: Hephaestus 1.18.2-18.104.22.168 fabric-data-generation-api-v1: Fabric Data Generation API (v1) 3.0.1+9fcb91d260 mantle: Mantle 1.18.2-1.9.156 com_google_code_findbugs_jsr305: jsr305 3.0.2 forge_tags: Forge Tags 2.1 reach-entity-attributes: Reach Entity Attributes 2.2.0 star: Star 1.3+1.18.2 milk: Milk Lib 0.3.2 dripstone_fluid_lib: Dripstone Fluid Lib 1.2.0 techreborn: Tech Reborn 5.2.0 reborncore: Reborn Core 5.2.0 team_reborn_energy: Energy 2.2.0 terrablender: TerraBlender 22.214.171.124 com_electronwill_night-config_core: core 3.6.4 com_electronwill_night-config_toml: toml 3.6.4 the_aether: Paradise Lost 1.6.9+1.18.2 customportalapi: Custom Portal Api 0.0.1-beta50-1.18 gud_recipe_confidence: Recipe Confidence 1.0.2 incubus_core: Incubus Core 1.6.6+1.18.2 satin: Satin 1.7.2 the_bumblezone: The Bumblezone - Fabric 5.1.2+1.18.2 fake-player-api: Fake Player API 0.3.0 thonkutil: ThonkUtil 2.14.1+1.18 thonkutil-base: ThonkUtil Base 1.12.2+23c1dc2c60 thonkutil-capes-v1: ThonkUtil Capes (v1) 1.3.2+9e23427060 thonkutil-coords-v1: ThonkUtil Coords (v1) 1.0.19+9b80223760 thonkutil-customization-v1: ThonkUtil Customization (v1) 1.0.14+9b80223760 thonkutil-legacy: ThonkUtil Legacy 1.0.20+9b80223760 thonkutil-modchecker-v1: ThonkUtil ModChecker (v1) 1.0.12+9b80223760 thonkutil-potions-v0: ThonkUtil Potions (v0) 1.4.1+9b80223760 thonkutil-titlescreen-v1: ThonkUtil TitleScreen (v1) 1.1.9+9b80223760 thonkutil-trades-v1: ThonkUtil Trades (v1) 1.1.20+9b80223760 toms_storage: Tom's Simple Storage Mod 1.3.2 totw_additions: Towers of the Wild: Additions 1.2.1 tradingpost: Trading Post 3.2.0 trinketofundying: Trinket of Undying 2.0.1-1.18 trinkets: Trinkets 3.3.1 twigs: Twigs 1.1.3-patch1+1.18.2 universal_ores: Universal Ores 1.2.1 universalbonemeal: Universal Bone Meal 3.0.5 vanilla_degus: Vanilla Degus 1.3.0 veinmining: Vein Mining 0.0.12-1.18.2 villager-hats: Villager Hats 1.4.0 villagernames: Villager Names 4.0.4 visuality: Visuality 0.4.2 goosik-config: goosik-config 0.2.0 tlcosmetica: Cosmetica 0.4.0 visualworkbench: Visual Workbench 3.3.0 voidtotem: VoidTotem (Fabric) 1.18.2-1.3.1 voidz: VoidZ 1.0.7 wandering_collector: Wandering Collector 1.1.2+mc1.18.2 coat: Coat 1.0.0-beta.17+mc1.18.2 tweed4_annotated: tweed4_annotated 1.3.0 tweed4_base: tweed4_base 1.5.0+mc1.18.2 tweed4_data: tweed4_data 1.2.1+mc1.18.2 tweed4_data_hjson: tweed4_data_hjson 1.1.0 tweed4_tailor_coat: tweed4_tailor_coat 1.1.2+mc1.18.2 tweed4_tailor_screen: tweed4_tailor_screen 1.1.1+mc1.18.2 waystones: Waystones 2.5.3 windchimes: Windchimes 1.2.0 wolveswitharmor: Wolves With Armor 1.7.1-1.18.2 static-content: Static Content 1.0.1-1.16.2 staticdata: Static Data 1.1.2 wthit: wthit 4.10.3 xaerominimap: Xaero's Minimap 22.8.2 xaeroworldmap: Xaero's World Map 1.22.0 yigd: You're in Grave Danger 1.3.5 yungsapi: YUNG's API 1.18.2-Fabric-2.0.8 yungsbridges: YUNG's Bridges 1.18.2-Fabric-2.1.0 yungsextras: YUNG's Extras 1.18.2-Fabric-2.1.0 zihlaunchpads: ZIHLaunchpads 1.2.0 zoomify: Zoomify 1.6.0 com_github_llamalad7_mixinextras: mixinextras 0.0.10 dev_isxander_settxi: settxi 2.1.1 settxicloth: Settxi Cloth Impl 1.0.2 Launched Version: fabric-loader-0.14.6-1.18.2 Backend library: LWJGL version 3.2.2 build 10 Backend API: Unknown Window size: GL Caps: Using framebuffer using OpenGL 3.2 GL debug messages: Using VBOs: Yes Is Modded: Definitely; Client brand changed to 'fabric' Type: Client (map_client.txt) CPU:
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10 Reasons Why You Need to Use a Grid Trading BotWith the prices of cryptocurrencies swinging widely within minutes and markets opening 24 hours every day, it's hard for traders to keep up.
For starters, crypto traders may not be able to react quickly enough to take advantage of opportunities to profit from rapid price swings. Furthermore, delays in transactions or exchange executions further worsen the problem. Traders cannot monitor all the crypto exchanges and global markets round the clock to achieve optimal trading results.
Fortunately, this is the age of automation. For many investors, bots (short for robots) that run bits of code to trade and execute transactions offer solutions to these problems.
This article will look at the grid trading bot — a bot that adopts the grid trading strategy — how it works, and its benefits to users.
What Is a Grid Trading Strategy?Grid trading is a trading strategy that involves placing orders above and below a set price using a “price grid” of orders. The price grid consists of orders at incrementally increasing and decreasing prices. For instance, you may set buy orders at every $500 below the current market price of ETH, and sell orders every $500 above ETH’s current price. The grid trading bot automatically buys when the price falls to the predetermined level, and again if the price drops by another $500. The reverse occurs when the price of ETH starts to climb.
The basic premise of this strategy is to repeatedly buy at the pre-specified price, and then sell the position when the price rises above that level. Conversely, you can sell at a predetermined price point and wait for the price to fall to a set level and buy — repeatedly.
A grid trading strategy is easily automated, and valuable for forex currency trading and crypto trading. It’s especially useful when prices move within a specific range or a “sideways market,” where assets fluctuate within a tight range for an extended time without going in a particular direction. Prices oscillate within the borders of price support and resistance.
Grid trading strategies attempt to make money whenever the price of an asset changes. However, there’s a trade-off: The more orders a grid trading system has, the higher the trading frequency and, consequently, the lower the profit from each order.
Bybit has finalized plans to introduce a built-in grid trading bot in its trading mechanics. Users can easily automate buy and sell orders placed at predetermined intervals by customizing the grid limits — upper and lower — and the number of grids. Once the set-up is complete, the system will automatically buy or sell orders at these preset prices.
Crypto trading can be taxing and time-intensive. However, when properly deployed, bots can take away some of the hassles while optimizing your profits. Here are ten reasons you need a grid trading bot so you can profit in both Spot and Futures markets.
1. Low entry pointUsing a grid trading bot, you can enter positions at levels you might not be able to achieve by trading manually. Without the need to continuously monitor price fluctuations, you can have orders at several low entry points. Conversely, you’ll also be placing orders to be executed at higher selling levels, or placing the trades at extreme levels.
2. Easy to use and customizableThe grid trading bot is straightforward to use and easily customizable. Once you sign up, you can configure the parameters as you wish. Generally, you can adjust the upper and lower limits of the price range, and set the number of orders the bot can place within this price range, as well as the width between each buy-sell limit order.
Users don't need to know or calculate complex metrics and measurements, or study market indicators. Since it's “plug and play,” anyone without extensive crypto trading experience can set up a grid trading bot in minutes. The underlying grid strategy doesn’t require new traders to understand complex market signals, indicators, and algorithms.
3. High automation levelGrid trading bots lend themselves to a high level of automation. This is because the underlying trading strategy is highly logical. Bots are designed to perform predetermined tasks unrelated to the market sentiments and trends. Grid trading bots efficiently employ the grid trading strategy, which would be too intricate to execute with manual trading.
Since grid trading bots are easy to set up and use, they can be used in virtually any currency market. It’s a great starting point for traders who don’t plan to monitor the market constantly.
4. Turn strategies into profit during a quiet marketGrid trading bots have the unique advantage of turning a profit in a time of market doldrums. Deservedly, cryptocurrencies have earned a reputation for volatility. But now and then, the markets trade within a range, though they might still move wildly within that range. Rather than have your crypto assets hibernate along with the market, you can use grid trading strategies to capitalize on a market where you may not have much conviction.
5. Enhance risk managementA grid trading bot can help you enhance your risk management capabilities. The settings you configure directly impact your profitability. Most importantly, it gives you control over the risk-reward level.
You can earn a small but steady profit with minimal risks when you bet on stablecoin pairs involving USD tether, for example. Conversely, you can choose to whet your risk appetite and go for bigger stakes and chunkier returns, trading coins with low market cap and high volatility.
The ability of trading bots to adjust your risks in line with your appetite is an excellent tool for enhancing your risk management skills.
6. Provide liquidityUsing the grid trading strategy via bots essentially means you provide much-needed liquidity for the exchange. You increase the market liquidity of the exchange by placing buy and sell orders, which makes grid trading an excellent strategy for market making. The bot can provide liquidity on a specific cryptocurrency by placing a bid-and-ask limit order on an exchange.
Grid trading bots ensure you'll pay the maker fee as well because makers provide liquidity to an exchange by "creating or making a market" for other traders. In contrast, takers remove liquidity by “taking” available orders. Maker fees are usually lower to incentivize market makers. Since a grid trading strategy provides liquidity, users pay the lower maker fees.
Illiquid markets with thin order books (order books with fewer offers at different price levels, which increase slippage) tend to benefit from a grid trading strategy. They’re marked by large price spikes, which occur frequently. The grid trading bot eats up these spikes by providing liquidity and converting them into profit for the trader. This also helps anyone trading the illiquid pair try to get a fair price.
7. VersatilityGrid trading bots can be used in any market, and with reasonable potential to make a profit. They’re versatile — because the core underlying strategy proceeds based on the idea of buying low and selling high (and pocketing the difference). Thus, grid trading bots can trade profitably without being affected by market sentiments and trends.
You also have the liberty of configuring the bot and selecting prices ranges and the number of grids, which helps you define the frequency and period. You can tweak the bot for the short term, where it makes small profits by trading frequently in a short interval. Or you can set it up to run for longer periods with less frequency, and earn profit from more significant price shifts.
8. DiversificationGrid trading bots can help you earn some extra profit if you intend to hold on to two exchangeable assets for the long haul. One of the primary tenets of investing is diversification, which is spreading your funds among multiple assets, rather than a single one. Rather than simply holding, you can earn extra profit by using the grid trading strategy to make more money from the fluctuations between the prices of the multiple assets in your portfolio.
9. Suitable for both short- and long-term tradingGrid trading as a strategy has been used in other types of markets, such as forex. All kinds of traders — including scalpers, day traders, swing traders and position traders — can take advantage of grid trading bots for managing risk and maximizing profits.
Traders who prefer quick returns can set up the trading bot to function for the short term, catching hundreds of trades from the small price movements within a short period. Long-term traders can set up a huge grid range in which trades can run for a longer period, ranging from weeks to months.
10. Remove emotions from tradingNaturally, traders are prone to many emotions — including anger, greed, and fear — when money is involved. It’s challenging to keep these unbridled emotions in check when trading manually. Grid trading bots can help implement a rule-based grid strategy, minimizing the involvement of emotions in trading.
Trading bots operate according to a defined set of rules, like fixed profit taking or stop-loss points. If you’re planning to employ a consistent strategy, grid trading bots are useful for carrying out disciplined and controlled trades.
The Bottom LineGrid trading bots are automated trading tools that adopt the grid trading strategy, a trading system that allows you to profit by placing a series of long or short orders at predetermined intervals around a set price, creating a trading grid. Easy to use and set up, these bots can help you execute trades profitably and efficiently, saving you money, time — and stress. Get started with by creating your own grid trading bot so you can easily invest in both Spot and Futures markets today!
We hope this Bybit trading bot guide has been useful for you in your pursuit of automated investing and trading. Here's all the facts about our trading bots, summarized in one simple infographic.
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